Pre spanish period

He was responsible for establishing peace with various indigenous tribes. During his time, many changes happened to the Filipinos. Literature, religion, lifestyles, societal classes and the like was taken into the Philippines.

Pre spanish period

Group 1 of History100D

However, not all anitos were benevolent. Bad anitos existed in the shapes of the spirits of dead tribal enemies. Besides the Supreme God, there were lesser gods or spirits. They were called anitos. There was an anito of the forests and mountains.

They prayed to him whenever they went out to those places to hunt or get timber. There was an anito of the planted field who they invoked for good harvest. There was an anito of the seas. They prayed to him for good luck in their fishing expeditions and in their voyages.

There was an anito of the house, too. They invoked him when someone was sick or when a child was born. It should be remembered that at the time of the arrival of the Spaniards, Manila and Tondo were Islamic kingdoms.


Being superstitious, they read omens in the appearance of crows, crocodiles, and birds. Comets they believed to be a harbinger of bad luck like famine, epidemic, or war. Likewise, the howling of a dog or the falling of a tree at night was Pre spanish period omen of death.

Sneezing before the start of a journey also foretold death or an accident along the way. To quote Zaide once again: Many of the superstitious beliefs of our forefathers still remain to the present day. Among them are the following: They officiated in ritual sacrifices, aside from serving as physicians, soothsayers and prophets.

Pre spanish period

It was he who appointed the priests and priestesses. Our ancestor subscribed to the concept of life after death. They believed that each individual has an immortal soul that travels to the other world.

To prepare the dead for his journey to the underworld, his relatives placed food, wine, gold, weapons, and other personal effects and provisions in his grave.

Pre spanish period

In terms of burial practices, the corpse was embalmed, placed in a coffin made of hard wood or a burial jar, and eventually buried in a grave or a cave. Miguel de Loarca reports, regarding the belief of ancient Filipinos in the destiny of souls: This god possesses a very tall tree on mount Mayas.

It is believed that at death all souls go directly to the infernal regions but that, by means of the manganitos, which are the sacrifices and offerings made to the god Pandaque in sight of the mount of Mayas, they are redeemed from Simuran and Siguinarugan, gods of the lower regions.

It is said that, when the Yligueynes die, the god Maguayen carries them to Inferno. When he has carried them thither in. Good or bad alike, he takes them all on equal terms, when they go to Inferno.

But the poor, who have no one to offer sacrifices for them, remain forever, in the inferno, and the god of those regions eats them, or keeps them forever in prison. From this it will be seen how little their being good or bad avails them, and how much reason they have to hate poverty.

The occult ritual performed by babaylanas, Loarca vividly depicts: The priestesses dress very gaily, with garlands on their heads, and are resplendent with gold. Then the priestess chants her songs and invokes the demon that appears to her all glistening in gold.Apr 14,  · Best Answer: The most important contribution of the pre-Hispanic Philippines was the regional link that was maintained.

All of the islands were linked with trade between Malaysia, Indonesia, China and Viet Nam to say but a few. There was a vitality in the Philippines that the Spanish didn't create, they found it already Resolved.

The pre-Spanish Filipinos also revered idols, called anitos in Tagalog and diwata in Visayan. These seem to be the counterparts of the present saints, to whom Filipinos offer prayers and food, much like their ancestors did.

Pre spanish period in the philippines 1. Kate S. Magpoc 2.

What does Spanish colonial art look like?

Long before the arrival of the Spaniards, ancientFilipinos were living in scattered barangays and . Nov 20,  · These appeared in the vernacular poems and modern adaptations of works during the Spanish period and which further maintained the Spanish tradition. The American Colonial Period A new set of colonizers brought about new changes in Philippine literature.

During the Spanish colonization in the Philippines, the government was composed of two branches, the executive and the was no.

Pre-colonial Philippine Literature Owing to the works of our own archaeologists, ethnologists and anthropologists, we are able to know more and better judge information about Philippine pre-colonial times set against a bulk of material about early Filipinos as recorded by Spanish, Chinese, Arabic and other chroniclers of the past.